Of the more than 180 peoples inhabiting the territory of contemporary Russia, 40 are officially recognised as "indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East". These groups consist of less than 50,000 members, and they perpetuate some aspects of their traditional ways of life and inhabiting the Northern and Asian parts of the country. While the Russian constitution and national legislation set out the rights of “indigenous minority peoples of the North”. Russia has a multitude of regional, local, and interregional indigenous organisations, but the national umbrella organisation, RAIPON, operates under tight state control. Russia has not endorsed the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, nor has it ratified ILO Convention 169.
Alexey Tsykarev discusses the situation in Russia for Indigenous Peoples, the mandate of EMRIP and role of EMRIP to ensure indigenous peoples rights in UN System. Russia had abstained from voting for the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) in 2007. But Alexey Tsykarev says Russia has included many rights provisioned in the Declaration exist mainly in Russian legislation. But the implementation at the federal, regional and local level is still a problem.
Alexey Tsykarev is a expert member appointed by UN Human Rights Council, who also served former chairperson of Expert Mechanism on the rights of Indigenous Peoples (EMRIP).
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